Pollutants, such as gases, allergens, pet dander, debris, and other air particles, have a great effect on the indoor environment. Clean air is vital for healthy body systems, blood circulation, and the functioning of the heart.
Too much of these pollutants in the air can lead to discomfort, airway inflammation, and cardiovascular problems. It is crucial to reduce the concentration of these pollutants, and one of the methods that can be applied is the use of electrostatic filters. The goal of this is to provide you with an overview of how well it works.
How do electrostatic air filters work?
It is commonly referred to as a washable or reusable filter. It contains two layers of filtration: an ionizer and a carbon layer. It is durable, made of aluminum, and uses polypropylene to create static electricity. They are designed to filter the air in a particular room, not the entire building. It works like a magnet for particles floating in the air.
It uses the idea of positive and negative charges between the airborne particles and the air cleaner plates. The ionizer is positively charged. If the pollutant particles have a given electrical charge and the plates have the opposite charge, the particles will tend to stick towards the plates.
Even some small pollutants such as mold and pollen cannot resist the strength of this air filter, which makes it quite applicable. The particles, which are quite heavy, fall into the collector.
The size of these air filters varies. Efficiency is evaluated using the Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value (MERV) and Microparticle Performance Rating (MPR). The greater the MERV rating and MPR, the more efficient the system is.
Benefits of installing an electrostatic filter
The washable air filter has a number of advantages. In the long term, washable filters are cost-saving. Instead of having to replace them every few months, you simply wash, dry, and return them back. Clearly, paying less than $90 on air filters over the duration of several years can save money.
Electrostatic filters do have a MERV rating of 5 to 6, which implies they can block dust and other particles with a size of 3.0 to 10.0 microns from passing through the filter and into the air stream. This makes it a great addition to your HVAC system.
Homeowners can have clean, safe air at home by using electrostatic air filters. People with asthma, among other respiratory disorders, can enjoy a clean environment since even smaller particles are removed from the air.
Some disadvantages include
They may lose efficiency when not cleaned.
They may produce ozone, which is quite serious.
Larger allergens such as mites and mold may sometimes fall into the grounds quickly before they are caught.
It does not address the problems of bad odors such as tobacco smoke or pet smells.
How to maintain your electrostatic filter?
Frequent washing. Particles can quickly gather on the filter and clog it due to its heavy-duty filtration technology. They should be cleaned at least once every two months to avoid clogging and to maintain continued protection from air pollutants.
Place it safely. One should ensure it is in a place where it cannot disrupt airflow.